Visit Pitcairn Island – Lifestyle
Pitcairn Islanders lived a very isolated lifestyle. Their main source of income is the sale of handicrafts of wood and coral, T shirts and honey to cruise ship passengers. They receive about 10 cruise ship visits a year, but there are no proper docking facilities for cruise ship tenders. Instead, the Pitcairn Islanders board cruise ships from their community long boat and haul their goods up rope ladders. Children as young as 5 board the ship by ladder too. About 90% of the population of the island typically boards a visiting cruise ship.
Izzy Christian selling on board the Oceania Marina
The Pitcairn Islands get subsides for the European Union and the U.K. which helps support their school teacher from New Zealand and a doctor contracted for a year at a time. They live on bananas, pineapple, taro, chickens and food imports from regular subsidized freighter service. An electric generator provides electricity for refrigeration and lights, but power is shut down each night to save on fuel. Satellite internet is available to residents, but it is expensive. The community is desperate for an influx of able bodied inhabitants, but has been unsuccessful in recruiting new residents.
Farewell from Pitcairn Islanders
Visit Pitcairn Island – Background
Pitcairn Island was settled in January 15, 1790 by 9 English mutineers and 18 Tahitians who had taken control of the HMAV Bounty from Britain. There were no inhabitants on the island when they arrived, but there is archeological evidence of a previous Polynesian colonization.
The population on the island has varied over the years. In 1856 population pressures caused the British government to support the move of all 193 Pitcairn Islands to Norfolk Island, but 45 of them eventually returned to Pitcairn. The population peaked again at 250 in 1988, but has declined steadily ever since. In 2016 the population was 45 and on the decline. The decline is the result of an aging population that is not being replaced. Children rarely return to the island after leaving for high school education in New Zealand.
Pitcairn Island Shore, Circumnavigation
Pitcairn Island – Mutiny on the Bounty
The HMAV Bounty was commissioned to obtain breadfruit from Tahiti for use in establishing food crops to feed slaves in the Caribbean. While gathering breadfruit, many of the crew became enamored with Polynesia and its women. On their return voyage, near Tonga on April 28, 1789, Fletcher Christian led the mutiny on the Bounty. The mutineers set Captain Bligh and loyal crewmen adrift in a long boat, but 4 loyal crew were not able to fit in the boat. Captain Bligh sailed the long boat to Indonesia. Meanwhile, the mutineers sailed the Bounty to Tahiti. In Tahiti, the Bounty crew dropped off 16 mutineers and the 4 loyal crew. The HMS Pandora captured 14 mutineers in Tahiti in 1791.
Then the Bounty and the remaining 9 mutineers sailed through Polynesia until they happened upon Pitcairn Island. There they burned the Bounty until it sank in what is now Bounty Bay and they established themselves on the island. By a twist of fate, the longitude of the island on early maps was wrong by 3 degrees, so Captain Cook and the British navy, who were hunting for them, couldn’t find the island to search it. It took more than 18 years for another ship to reach Pitcairn Island. By then, John Adams was the only remaining survivor of the mutiny. Britain never prosecuted him. Many of the residents on the island today have the last name Christian, Adams and Young.